Understanding the system

From the various interactions we had with different officials, it was finally time to map out the whole system of juvenile justice system India. Finally, we had sufficient data to map out the whole system according to the power hierarchy.


As we started mapping the system of juvenile justice, various stakeholders started to arise, which were in the initial stages unheard off. As we moved ahead with the mapping it was very evident that the whole system dealt with two completely different groups of children in two different ways. Children in Conflict with the Law (CCL) and Children in Need of Care and Protection (CNCP) both have a different decision-making body.

CCL are dealt with by the Juvenile Justice Board (JJB) whereas CNCP is dealt with by the Child Welfare Committee(CWC). A whole new perspective in the system arose. Initially, we were just looking at children being the offenders but now we had another perspective of children being the victim and how the governing body takes necessary action.

Over the period of three amendments, the juvenile justice system has evolved a lot. From being independent in every state to being standard throughout the country; to the introduction of Protection of Children from Sexual Offenses (POCSO) Act; to a juvenile being trialed as an adult in heinous crimes.

The juvenile justice is constantly evolving working closely with UNICEF it is constantly reorienting itself to respect all the Child Rights.





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